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Re: Memory Management ( > 25GB memory usage)

Maxim Dounin
June 03, 2013 11:14AM
Hello!

On Mon, Jun 03, 2013 at 10:13:03AM -0400, Belly wrote:

> Thanks Maxim for you answer!
>
> Maxim Dounin Wrote:
> -------------------------------------------------------
> > Hello!
> >
> > On Mon, Jun 03, 2013 at 08:57:21AM -0400, Belly wrote:
> >
> > > Hello nginx!
> > >
> > > I have one worker-process, which uses over 25GB memory (and doesn't
> > stop to
> > > do that).
> > > My configuration is... let's say special:
> > >
> > > So there is nginx, which proxies all requests to the PHP backend and
> > the PHP
> > > backend sends a large request back to nginx. I set the
> > fastcgi_buffers very
> > > enormous huge to avoid nginx creating temporary files on my disk -
> > which
> > > would result in high CPU load.
> > >
> > > Here is my configuration: (reduced to the problem)
> > >
> > > worker_processes 1;
> > > worker_rlimit_nofile 80000;
> > > worker_priority -20;
> > >
> > > events {
> > > worker_connections 10240;
> > > multi_accept on;
> > > }
> > > # ...
> > > # fastcgi settings
> > > fastcgi_buffers 20480 1k;
> >
> > Just a side note: each buffer structure takes about 100 bytes of
> > memory on 64-bit platforms, and using 1k buffers results in about
> > 10% overhead just because of this.
> >
>
> Very interesting! - Didn't know that... Thanks!
>
> > > fastcgi_connect_timeout 30;
> > > fastcgi_read_timeout 30;
> > > fastcgi_send_timeout 30;
> > > fastcgi_keep_conn on;
> > > upstream php-backend {
> > > server 127.0.0.1:9000;
> > > keepalive 10000;
> > > }
> > >
> > >
> > > As you can see the buffers are extreme large, to avoid disk
> > buffering. The
> > > problem is that nginx doesn't free the buffers. It just eats and
> > eats. I
> > > know it's my fault and not nginx' fault. What am I doing wrong?
> > >
> > > The response of my php backend could be from 1k to 300mb.
> >
> > With your settings each connection can allocate up to 20M of
> > buffers. That is, 1500k connections are enough to allocate 25G of
> > memory. So the basic question is - how many connections are open?
> >
>
> 1000 - 2000... got your point.
>
> > With pessimistic assumption of 10k connections as per
> > worker_connections, you configuration will result in more than
> > 200G memory used.
> >
> > > What is the best setting for my situation?
> >
> > I would recommend using "fastcgi_max_temp_file_size 0;" if you
> > want to disable disk buffering (see [1]), and configuring some
> > reasonable number of reasonably sized fastcgi_buffers. I would
> > recommend starting tuning with something like 32 x 64k buffers.
> >
> > [1] http://nginx.org/r/fastcgi_max_temp_file_size
> >
>
> I read about fastcgi_max_temp_file_size, but I'm a bit afraid of.
> fastcgi_max_temp_file_size 0; states that data will be transfered
> synchronously. What does it mean exactly? Is it faster/better than disk
> buffering? Nginx is built in an asynchronous way. What happens if a worker
> will do a synchronous job inside an asynchronous one? Will it block the
> event loop?

Docs ask linked document the effect as follows:

: Value of zero disables buffering of responses to temporary files.

This is what it actually does - it stops nginx from using disk
buffering. Instead, if fastcgi_buffers configured isn't enough,
nginx will wait for some buffers to be sent to a client before
reading more data from a backend. Note this means the backend
will be busy sending the response for a longer time.

--
Maxim Dounin
http://nginx.org/en/donation.html

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Subject Author Posted

Memory Management ( > 25GB memory usage)

Belly June 03, 2013 08:57AM

Re: Memory Management ( > 25GB memory usage)

shahzaib1232 June 03, 2013 09:06AM

Re: Memory Management ( > 25GB memory usage)

Belly June 03, 2013 09:13AM

Re: Memory Management ( > 25GB memory usage)

Maxim Dounin June 03, 2013 09:52AM

Re: Memory Management ( > 25GB memory usage)

Belly June 03, 2013 10:13AM

Re: Memory Management ( > 25GB memory usage)

Maxim Dounin June 03, 2013 11:14AM

Re: Memory Management ( > 25GB memory usage)

Jonathan Vanasco June 03, 2013 11:18AM

Re: Memory Management ( > 25GB memory usage)

Belly June 04, 2013 03:48AM



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