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Re: magento setup

Raina Gustafson
August 10, 2010 11:42PM
Hi Pablo,

Ok. Here are notes/commands that worked successfully for me when
installing PHP-FPM, Nginx and Magento on a Media Temple (ve) loaded
with CentOS. My notes are a little messy. Let me know if you get stuck
with anything, though if the process is significantly different for
Ubuntu I might not be able to help. I've also pasted my config files
below.

INSTALL DEPENDENCIES
yum install -y curl-devel gcc GeoIP* httpd-devel libevent
libevent-devel libjpeg-devel libmcrypt-devel libpng-devel
libtool-ltdl-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel mysql mysql-devel
mysql-server openssl-devel patch pcre-devel php-gd php-mcrypt
php-mysql php-pdo php-xml spawn-fcgi xmlrpc zlib-devel

yum install php* ???

DOWNLOAD OWN LIBEVENT RATHER THAN YUM
http://forum.nginx.org/read.php?3,30050
-> mkdir /opt/libevent
-> cd /opt/libevent
-> wget http://monkey.org/~provos/libevent-1.4.13-stable.tar.gz
-> tar xvf libevent...


PHP: COMPILE AND INSTALL FIRST
# this was the most helpful
http://interfacelab.com/nginx-php-fpm-apc-awesome/
# helpful but failed
http://adityo.blog.binusian.org/?p=428
# didn't use these but they look good
http://www.newmediaist.com/n/installing-nginx-mysql-php-fpm-xcache-centos-53-howto
http://www.linode.com/forums/viewtopic.php?p=26342

../configure --enable-fpm --enable-inline-optimization --enable-pdo
--enable-soap --enable-sockets --enable-zip --with-curl --with-gd
--with-jpeg-dir --with-libdir=lib64 --with-mcrypt --with-mhash
--with-mysql --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-openssl --with-pear
--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-zend-vm=GOTO --with-zlib

make
make test
make install

Wrote PEAR system config file at: /usr/local/etc/pear.conf
You may want to add: /usr/local/lib/php to your php.ini include_path
/usr/local/src/php-5.3.3/build/shtool install -c ext/phar/phar.phar
/usr/local/bin
ln -s -f /usr/local/bin/phar.phar /usr/local/bin/phar
Installing PDO headers: /usr/local/include/php/ext/pdo/

#strip /usr/local/bin/php-cgi

PHP: CONFIG
/usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf

INSTALLING NGINX
wget http://sysoev.ru/nginx/nginx-0.7.67.tar.gz
http://wiki.nginx.org/NginxInstallOptions

../configure \
--prefix=/ \
--sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid \
--lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \
--with-http_geoip_module \
--without-http_autoindex_module \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--user=nginx \
--group=nginx \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_flv_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module \
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
--http-client-body-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/client/ \
--http-proxy-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/proxy/ \
--http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/fcgi/

make && make install

NGINX SYMLINK (USUALLY CREATED AUTOMATICALLY ON INSTALL)
ln -s /usr/local/nginx/conf /etc/nginx
OR MOVE LOCATION
cd /usr/local/src/nginx...
cp -a nginx-0.7.67 ../nginx

#be sure to set the correct paths
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

TO START WEBSERVER
uncomment 'nobody' in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
create init:
http://wiki.nginx.org/RedHatNginxInitScript
/etc/init.d/nginx

TODO
#integrate apc
http://www.chilipepperdesign.com/2009/12/18/configuring-and-compiling-nginx-and-php-fpm-on-ubuntu-for-magento-part-2
#get ssl working
#add these to server boot
/etc/init.d/php_cgi start
mysql
service mysqld start
review php and nginx configuration options


INSTALL MYSQL
5.0.77 Source distribution
http://forums.mysql.com/read.php?11,153632
chgrp -R mysql /var/lib/mysql
chmod -R 770 /var/lib/mysql
chkconfig mysqld on && service mysqld restart && chkconfig --list | grep mysqld
service mysqld start
/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'password'

TROUBLESHOOTING
one ve2, had to use 127.0.0.1 instead of localhost, had to skip base
url validation, and had to change root password as follows:

update user set Password=PASSWORD('password') where user='user';
or
set Password=PASSWORD('password') where user='user';
flush privileges;
exit;


INSTALL PEAR & APC
http://www.webtatic.com/blog/2009/06/php-530-on-centos-5/
#didn't work#
#yum install nfs-utils
#/sbin/service portmap start
#/sbin/service nfslock start
#/sbin/service nfs start
##mount nfs -t /dev/simfs -o remount,exec /tmp
##mount nfs -o remount,exec /tmp
##/dev/simfs on /tmp type simfs (rw,noexec)
##pecl install apc
http://www.php.net/manual/en/install.pecl.phpize.php
#WORKS
yum install autoconf
http://constantshift.com/installing-apc-for-php-5-3/
$ cd /usr/local/src
$ wget http://pecl.php.net/get/APC-3.1.3p1.tgz
$ tar xzvf APC-3.1.3p1.tgz
$ cd APC-3.1.3p1
$ phpize
$ ./configure --enable-apc --enable-mmap
$ make
$ make install
$ cp /usr/local/src/APC-3.1.3p1/modules/apc.so
/usr/local/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/
### ADD TO PHP.INI
extension = apc.so
apc.enabled=1
apc.shm_size=30
/etc/init.d/nginx restart && /etc/init.d/php-fpm restart
cp apc.php /var/www/html/

INSTALL FASTCGI
http://adityo.blog.binusian.org/?p=428
- change to --with-mysql=/usr/bin/mysql

MAGENTO
use magento check file
http://www.magentocommerce.com/knowledge-base/entry/how-do-i-know-if-my-server-is-compatible-with-magento

raised php.ini memory/timeout

### END OF NOTES, START FILES###

### /etc/nginx/nginx.conf ###

user nobody;
worker_processes 4;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /var/run/nginx.pid;

events {
worker_connections 1024;
}

http {
include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request "'
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main;

sendfile on;
map $scheme $fastcgi_https { ## Detect when HTTPS is used
default off;
https on;
}

client_body_timeout 5;
client_header_timeout 5;
keepalive_timeout 5 5;
send_timeout 5;

gzip on;
gzip_comp_level 2;
gzip_proxied any;
gzip_static on;
gzip_buffers 16 8k;
gzip_http_version 1.0;
gzip_min_length 0;
gzip_vary on;
gzip_types text/plain text/css application/x-javascript
text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;

# Load config files from the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory
include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

}

### /etc/nginx/conf.d/domain.conf ###

server {
listen 80;
server_name domain.com;

root /var/www/html;

location / {
index index.html index.php; ## Allow a static html file to be
shown first
try_files $uri $uri/ @handler; ## If missing pass the URI to
Magento's front handler
expires max; ## Assume all files are cachable
error_page 404 = @handler;
log_not_found off;
}

location ~ /(.*)/index\.php$ { ## strip index.php from product urls
if (!-e $request_filename) { rewrite ^(.*)/index\.php$ $1/ permanent; }
}

location /minify/ { ## Needed for Fooman Speedster
rewrite ^/minify/([0-9]+)(/.*\.(js|css))$
/lib/minify/m.php?f=$2&d=$1 last;
}

## These locations would be hidden by .htaccess normally
location /app/ { deny all; }
location /includes/ { deny all; }
location /lib/ { deny all; }
location /lib/minify/ { allow all; } ## Deny is applied
after rewrites so must specifically allow minify
location /media/downloadable/ { deny all; }
location /pkginfo/ { deny all; }
location /report/config.xml { deny all; }
location /var/ { deny all; }

location /var/export/ { ## Allow admins only to view export folder
auth_basic "Restricted"; ## Message shown in login window
auth_basic_user_file htpasswd; ## See /etc/nginx/htpassword
}

location /. { ## Disable .htaccess and other hidden files
return 404;
}

location @handler { ## Magento uses a common front handler
rewrite / /index.php;
}

location ~ \.php/ { ## Forward paths like /js/index.php/x.js to
relevant handler
rewrite ^(.*\.php)/ $1 last;
}

location ~ \.php$ { ## Execute PHP scripts
expires off; ## Do not cache dynamic content
fastcgi_param HTTPS $fastcgi_https;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param MAGE_RUN_CODE base;
fastcgi_param MAGE_RUN_TYPE website;
include fastcgi_params; ## See /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params
}

}

### END ###

This is not necessarily the most optimal or logical configuration, but
it works for me. It could probably be simplified, though you'll also
likely want to at least add a server configuration for SSL.

Hope that helps! Let me know how it goes for you.

Best,
Raina

On Mon, Aug 9, 2010 at 9:29 PM, pablo platt <pablo.platt@gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> Anyone can share a working magento setup?
> I've read that nginx outperforms apache but couldn't find a clear
> instructions how to setup on ubuntu:
> nginx + config file
> fcgi + spawn-fcgi + upstart script
> php-fpm
>
> Thanks
>
> _______________________________________________
> nginx mailing list
> nginx@nginx.org
> http://nginx.org/mailman/listinfo/nginx
>
>

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Subject Author Posted

magento setup

pablo platt August 09, 2010 10:32PM

Re: magento setup

Raina Gustafson August 09, 2010 10:50PM

Re: magento setup

Raina Gustafson August 10, 2010 11:42PM

Re: magento setup

pablo platt August 11, 2010 01:46PM

Re: magento setup

pablo platt August 19, 2010 11:38PM

Re: magento setup

Nicholas Sherlock August 20, 2010 02:22AM



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