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Convert Apache Wordpress site to nginx

Posted by enderandrew 
Convert Apache Wordpress site to nginx
June 20, 2012 11:21PM
I would like to try hosting my site with nginx. I use several rules in Apache to have better looking URLs, help with caching, and improve security. I'm at a loss on how to configure this site for nginx.


DocumentRoot /var/www
<Directory /var/www/>
AddType image/x-icon .ico
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
allow from all
<ifModule mod_deflate.c>
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html text/plain text/xml text/css application/x-javascript
BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4 gzip-only-text/html
BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4\.0[678] no-gzip
BrowserMatch \bMSIE !no-gzip !gzip-only-text/html
</ifModule>

# BULLETPROOF .47.1 >>>>>>> SECURE .HTACCESS
# BEGIN WordPress
ServerSignature Off
Options -Indexes
DirectoryIndex index.php index.html /index.php
ErrorDocument 404 /404.php
RedirectMatch 403 /\..*$
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^wp-admin/includes/ - [F,L]
RewriteRule !^wp-includes/ - [S=3]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/[^/]+\.php$ - [F,L]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/js/tinymce/langs/.+\.php - [F,L]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/theme-compat/ - [F,L]
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_METHOD} ^(HEAD|TRACE|DELETE|TRACK|DEBUG) [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ - [F,L]

# BuddyPress Logout Redirect
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} action=logout&redirect_to=http%3A%2F%2F(.*) [NC]
RewriteRule . - [S=6]
# redirect_to=
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} redirect_to=(.*) [NC]
RewriteRule . - [S=5]
# Login Plugins Password Reset And Redirect 1
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} action=resetpass&key=(.*) [NC]
RewriteRule . - [S=4]
# Login Plugins Password Reset And Redirect 2
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} action=rp&key=(.*) [NC]
RewriteRule . - [S=3]

RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} (libwww-perl|wget|python|nikto|curl|scan|java|winhttp|clshttp|loader) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} (%0A|%0D|%27|%3C|%3E|%00) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} (;|<|>|'|"|\)|\(|%0A|%0D|%22|%27|%28|%3C|%3E|%00).*(libwww-perl|wget|python|nikto|curl|scan|java|winhttp|HTTrack|clshttp|archiver|loader|email|harvest|extract|grab|miner) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} \?\ HTTP/ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} \/\*\ HTTP/ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} etc/passwd [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} cgi-bin [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} (%0A|%0D|\\r|\\n) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} owssvr\.dll [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} (%0A|%0D|%27|%3C|%3E|%00) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} \.opendirviewer\. [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} users\.skynet\.be.* [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} [a-zA-Z0-9_]=http:// [OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} [a-zA-Z0-9_]=(\.\.//?)+ [OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} [a-zA-Z0-9_]=/([a-z0-9_.]//?)+ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \=PHP[0-9a-f]{8}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{4}-[0-9a-f]{12} [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (\.\./|\.\.) [OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ftp\: [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} http\: [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} https\: [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} \=\|w\| [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)/self/(.*)$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*)cPath=http://(.*)$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (\<|%3C).*script.*(\>|%3E) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (<|%3C)([^s]*s)+cript.*(>|%3E) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (\<|%3C).*embed.*(\>|%3E) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (<|%3C)([^e]*e)+mbed.*(>|%3E) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (\<|%3C).*object.*(\>|%3E) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (<|%3C)([^o]*o)+bject.*(>|%3E) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (\<|%3C).*iframe.*(\>|%3E) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (<|%3C)([^i]*i)+frame.*(>|%3E) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} base64_encode.*\(.*\) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} base64_(en|de)code[^(]*\([^)]*\) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} GLOBALS(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2}) [OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} _REQUEST(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2}) [OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(\[|\]|\(|\)|<|>|%3c|%3e|%5b|%5d).* [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^.*(\x00|\x04|\x08|\x0d|\x1b|\x20|\x3c|\x3e|\x5b|\x5d|\x7f).* [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (NULL|OUTFILE|LOAD_FILE) [OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (\./|\../|\.../)+(motd|etc|bin) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (localhost|loopback|127\.0\.0\.1) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (<|>|'|%0A|%0D|%27|%3C|%3E|%00) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} concat[^\(]*\( [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} union([^s]*s)+elect [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} union([^a]*a)+ll([^s]*s)+elect [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (;|<|>|'|"|\)|%0A|%0D|%22|%27|%3C|%3E|%00).*(/\*|union|select|insert|cast|create|char|convert|alter|declare|order|script|set|md5|benchmark|encode) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (sp_executesql) [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ - [F,L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]

<FilesMatch "^(wp-config\.php|php\.ini|php5\.ini|readme\.html|bb-config\.php)">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
#Allow from 88.77.66.55
</FilesMatch>
# END WordPress

# 6G:[REQUEST STRINGS]
<ifModule mod_alias.c>
# RedirectMatch 403 /(\$|\*)/?$
# RedirectMatch 403 (?i)(<|>|:|;|\'|\s)
RedirectMatch 403 (?i)([a-zA-Z0-9]{50})
RedirectMatch 403 (?i)(https?|ftp|php)\:/
RedirectMatch 403 (?i)(\"|\.|\_|\&|\&amp)$
RedirectMatch 403 (?i)(\=\\\'|\=\\%27|/\\\'/?)\.
RedirectMatch 403 (?i)(\,|//|\)\+|/\,/|\{0\}|\(/\(|\.\.|\+\+\+|\||\\\"\\\")
RedirectMatch 403 (?i)/uploads/([0-9]+)/([0-9]+)/(cache|cached|wp-opt|wp-supercache)\.php
RedirectMatch 403 (?i)\.(asp|bash|cfg|cgi|dll|exe|git|hg|ini|jsp|log|mdb|out|sql|svn|swp|tar|rar|rdf|well)
RedirectMatch 403 (?i)/(^$|1|addlink|btn_hover|contact?|dkscsearch|dompdf|easyboard|ezooms|formvars|fotter|fpw|i|imagemanager|index1|install|iprober|legacy\-comments|join|js\-scraper|mapcms|mobiquo|phpinfo|phpspy|pingserver|playing|postgres|product|register|scraper|shell|signup|single\-default|t|sqlpatch|test|textboxes.css|thumb|timthumb|topper|tz|ucp_profile|visit|webring.docs|webshell|wp\-lenks|wp\-links|wp\-plugin|wp\-signup|wpcima|zboard|zzr)\.php
RedirectMatch 403 (?i)(\$\(this\)\.attr|\&pws\=0|\&t\=|\&title\=|\%7BshopURL\%7Dimages|\_vti\_|\(null\)|$itemURL|ask/data/ask|com\_crop|document\)\.ready\(fu|echo.*kae|eval\(|fckeditor\.htm|function.parse|function\(\)|gifamp|hilton.ch|index.php\&amp\;quot|jfbswww|monstermmorpg|msnbot\.htm|netdefender/hui|phpMyAdmin/config|proc/self|skin/zero_vote|/spaw2?|text/javascript|this.options)
</ifModule>

# 6G:[QUERY STRINGS]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/$ [NC]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (mod|path|tag)= [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ([a-zA-Z0-9]{150}) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (localhost|loopback|127\.0\.0\.1) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (\?|\.\./|\.|\*|:|;|<|>|'|"|\)|\[|\]|=\\\'$|%0A|%0D|%22|%27|%3C|%3E|%00|%2e%2e) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (benchmark|boot.ini|cast|declare|drop|echo.*kae|environ|etc/passwd|execute|input_file|insert|md5|mosconfig|scanner|select|set|union|update) [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} (<|>|'|%0A|%0D|%27|%3C|%3E|%00) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} ([a-zA-Z0-9]{32}) [NC]
RewriteRule .* - [F,L]

# 6G:[USER AGENTS]
<ifModule mod_setenvif.c>
#SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent ^$ keep_out
SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent (<|>|'|&lt;|%0A|%0D|%27|%3C|%3E|%00|href\s) keep_out
SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent (archiver|binlar|casper|checkprivacy|clshttp|cmsworldmap|comodo|curl|diavol|dotbot|email|extract|feedfinder|flicky|grab|harvest|httrack|ia_archiver|jakarta|kmccrew|libwww|loader|miner|nikto|nutch|planetwork|purebot|pycurl|python|scan|skygrid|sucker|turnit|vikspider|wget|winhttp|youda|zmeu|zune) keep_out
<limit GET POST PUT>
Order Allow,Deny
Allow from all
Deny from env=keep_out
Deny from 24.213.139.114
Deny from 87.144.218.222
Deny from 95.5.32.79
Deny from 213.251.186.27
Deny from 88.191.93.186
Deny from 91.121.136.44
Deny from 50.56.92.47
Deny from 174.143.148.105
Deny from 82.170.168.91
Deny from 24.213.139.114
Deny from 61.147.110.14
Deny from 188.134.42.65
Deny from 122.164.215.155
Deny from 65.49.68.173
Deny from 220.155.1.166
Deny from 218.38.16.26
Deny from 50.56.92.47
Deny from 24.213.139.114
Deny from 91.200.19.84
Deny from 31.44.199.131
Deny from 49.50.8.63
</limit>
</ifModule>

# BEGIN W3TC Browser Cache
<IfModule mod_deflate.c>
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4 gzip-only-text/html
BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4\.0[678] no-gzip
BrowserMatch \bMSIE !no-gzip !gzip-only-text/html
BrowserMatch \bMSI[E] !no-gzip !gzip-only-text/html
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header append Vary User-Agent env=!dont-vary
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_filter.c>
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/css application/x-javascript text/x-component text/html text/richtext image/svg+xml text/plain text/xsd text/xsl text/xml image/x-icon
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
<FilesMatch "\.(css|js|htc|CSS|JS|HTC)$">
FileETag None
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header set X-Powered-By "W3 Total Cache/0.9.2.4"
</IfModule>
</FilesMatch>
<FilesMatch "\.(html|htm|rtf|rtx|svg|svgz|txt|xsd|xsl|xml|HTML|HTM|RTF|RTX|SVG|SVGZ|TXT|XSD|XSL|XML)$">
FileETag None
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header set X-Powered-By "W3 Total Cache/0.9.2.4"
</IfModule>
</FilesMatch>
<FilesMatch "\.(asf|asx|wax|wmv|wmx|avi|bmp|class|divx|doc|docx|eot|exe|gif|gz|gzip|ico|jpg|jpeg|jpe|mdb|mid|midi|mov|qt|mp3|m4a|mp4|m4v|mpeg|mpg|mpe|mpp|otf|odb|odc|odf|odg|odp|ods|odt|ogg|pdf|png|pot|pps|ppt|pptx|ra|ram|svg|svgz|swf|tar|tif|tiff|ttf|ttc|wav|wma|wri|xla|xls|xlsx|xlt|xlw|zip|ASF|ASX|WAX|WMV|WMX|AVI|BMP|CLASS|DIVX|DOC|DOCX|EOT|EXE|GIF|GZ|GZIP|ICO|JPG|JPEG|JPE|MDB|MID|MIDI|MOV|QT|MP3|M4A|MP4|M4V|MPEG|MPG|MPE|MPP|OTF|ODB|ODC|ODF|ODG|ODP|ODS|ODT|OGG|PDF|PNG|POT|PPS|PPT|PPTX|RA|RAM|SVG|SVGZ|SWF|TAR|TIF|TIFF|TTF|TTC|WAV|WMA|WRI|XLA|XLS|XLSX|XLT|XLW|ZIP)$">
FileETag None
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header set X-Powered-By "W3 Total Cache/0.9.2.4"
</IfModule>
</FilesMatch>
# END W3TC Browser Cache
# BEGIN W3TC Page Cache core
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^(.*\/)?w3tc_rewrite_test$ $1?w3tc_rewrite_test=1 [L]
RewriteCond %{HTTP:Accept-Encoding} gzip
RewriteRule .* - [E=W3TC_ENC:_gzip]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_METHOD} !=POST
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} =""
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} =blindscribblings.com
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} \/$ [OR]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} (sitemap(_index)?\.xml(\.gz)?|[a-z0-9_\-]+-sitemap([0-9]+)?\.xml(\.gz)?) [NC]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !(\/wp-admin\/|\/xmlrpc.php|\/wp-(app|cron|login|register|mail)\.php|\/feed\/|wp-.*\.php|index\.php) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} (wp\-comments\-popup\.php|wp\-links\-opml\.php|wp\-locations\.php) [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_COOKIE} !(comment_author|wp\-postpass|wordpress_\[a\-f0\-9\]\+|wordpress_logged_in) [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} !(W3\ Total\ Cache/0\.9\.2\.4) [NC]
RewriteCond "%{DOCUMENT_ROOT}/wp-content/w3tc/pgcache/%{REQUEST_URI}/_index%{ENV:W3TC_UA}%{ENV:W3TC_REF}%{ENV:W3TC_SSL}.html%{ENV:W3TC_ENC}" -f
RewriteRule .* "/wp-content/w3tc/pgcache/%{REQUEST_URI}/_index%{ENV:W3TC_UA}%{ENV:W3TC_REF}%{ENV:W3TC_SSL}.html%{ENV:W3TC_ENC}" [L]
</IfModule>
# END W3TC Page Cache core
<IfModule mod_expires.c>
ExpiresActive On
ExpiresByType image/jpg "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/gif "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/png "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType text/css "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/pdf "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType text/x-javascript "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/x-shockwave-flash "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access 1 year"
ExpiresDefault "access 2 days"
</IfModule>
<FilesMatch ".(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|ico)$">
Header set Cache-Control "max-age=2592000"
</FilesMatch>
Re: Convert Apache Wordpress site to nginx
June 25, 2012 01:41PM
the basic rewrite rules for wordpress to work are

if (!-e $request_filename)
{
rewrite ^(.+)$ /index.php?q=$1 last;
}

# catch all
error_page 404 /index.php;

also for security

location ~ /(wp-config\.php) {
deny all;
internal;
}

but this is it, don't know more than this

http://xDNS.ro && http://xLiST.ro Powered By nginX



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 06/25/2012 01:43PM by cybernet.
Re: Convert Apache Wordpress site to nginx
June 25, 2012 11:11PM
Please check out the following two guides...

- http://wiki.nginx.org/WordPress
- http://codex.wordpress.org/Nginx

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