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Re: [PATCH 1 of 3] QUIC: changed path validation timeout

Sergey Kandaurov
May 09, 2023 06:12AM
> On 3 May 2023, at 17:00, Roman Arutyunyan <arut@nginx.com> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> On Mon, Apr 24, 2023 at 04:15:21PM +0400, Sergey Kandaurov wrote:
>>
>>
>>> On 28 Mar 2023, at 18:51, Roman Arutyunyan <arut@nginx.com> wrote:
>>>
>>> # HG changeset patch
>>> # User Roman Arutyunyan <arut@nginx.com>
>>> # Date 1679925333 -14400
>>> # Mon Mar 27 17:55:33 2023 +0400
>>> # Branch quic
>>> # Node ID f76e83412133085a6c82fce2c3e15b2c34a6e959
>>> # Parent 5fd628b89bb7fb5c95afa1dc914385f7ab79f6a3
>>> QUIC: changed path validation timeout.
>>>
>>> Path validation packets containing PATH_CHALLENGE frames are sent separately
>>> from regular frame queue, because of the need to use a decicated path and
>>> pad the packets. The packets are also resent separately from the regular
>>> probe/lost detection mechanism. A path validation packet is resent 3 times,
>>> each time after PTO expiration. Assuming constant PTO, the overall maximum
>>> waiting time is 3 * PTO. According to RFC 9000, 8.2.4. Failed Path Validation,
>>> the following value is recommended as a validation timeout:
>>>
>>> A value of three times the larger of the current PTO
>>> or the PTO for the new path (using kInitialRtt, as
>>> defined in [QUIC-RECOVERY]) is RECOMMENDED.
>>>
>>> The change adds PTO of the new path to the equation as the lower bound.
>>> Also, max_ack_delay is now always accounted for, unlike previously, when
>>> it was only used when there are packets in flight. As mentioned before,
>>> PACH_CHALLENGE is not considered in-flight by nginx since it's processed
>>> separately, but technically it is.
>>
>> I don't like an idea to make a separate function to calculate
>> time for path validation retransmits. It looks like an existing
>> function could be reused.
>>
>> I tend to think checking for inflight packets in ngx_quic_pto()
>> isn't correct at the first place. The condition comes from
>> the GetPtoTimeAndSpace example in 9002, A.8:
>>
>> : GetPtoTimeAndSpace():
>> : duration = (smoothed_rtt + max(4 * rttvar, kGranularity))
>> : * (2 ^ pto_count)
>> : // Anti-deadlock PTO starts from the current time
>> : if (no ack-eliciting packets in flight):
>> : assert(!PeerCompletedAddressValidation())
>> : if (has handshake keys):
>> : return (now() + duration), Handshake
>> : else:
>> : return (now() + duration), Initial
>> : <..>
>> : return pto_timeout, pto_space
>>
>> But PeerCompletedAddressValidation is always true for the server.
>> The above anti-deadlock measure seems to only make sense for a client
>> when it has no new data to send, but forced to send something to rise
>> an anti-amplification limit for the server. This thought is supported
>> by commentaries in places of GetPtoTimeAndSpace use.
>>
>> Removing the condition from ngx_quic_pto() makes possible to unify
>> the function to use it for both regular PTO and path validation.
>>
>> Next is to make retransmits similar to a new connection establishment.
>> Per RFC 9000, 8.2.1:
>> : An endpoint SHOULD NOT probe a new path with packets containing a
>> : PATH_CHALLENGE frame more frequently than it would send an Initial packet.
>>
>> I think we can improve path validation to use a separate backoff,
>> path->tries can be used to base a backoff upon it.
>>
>> Since PATH_CHALLENGE are resent separately from the regular probe/lost
>> detection mechanism, this needs to be moved out from ngx_quic_pto().
>>
>> This makes the following series based on your patch.
>> We could set an overall maximum waiting time of 3 * PTO and test it
>> in pv handler in addition to the check for NGX_QUIC_PATH_RETRIES.
>
> Jftr, discussed all of the above in person. Agreed to implement that.
>
>> [..]
>> # HG changeset patch
>> # User Sergey Kandaurov <pluknet@nginx.com>
>> # Date 1682338151 -14400
>> # Mon Apr 24 16:09:11 2023 +0400
>> # Branch quic
>> # Node ID 808fe808e276496a9b026690c141201720744ab3
>> # Parent f49aba6e3fb54843d3e3bd5df26dbb45f5d3d687
>> QUIC: separated path validation retransmit backoff.
>>
>> Path validation packets containing PATH_CHALLENGE frames are sent separately
>> from regular frame queue, because of the need to use a decicated path and pad
>> the packets. The packets are sent periodically, separately from the regular
>> probe/lost detection mechanism. A path validation packet is resent up to 3
>> times, each time after PTO expiration, with increasing per-path PTO backoff.
>>
>> diff --git a/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_ack.c b/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_ack.c
>> --- a/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_ack.c
>> +++ b/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_ack.c
>> @@ -736,7 +736,8 @@ ngx_quic_set_lost_timer(ngx_connection_t
>>
>> q = ngx_queue_last(&ctx->sent);
>> f = ngx_queue_data(q, ngx_quic_frame_t, queue);
>> - w = (ngx_msec_int_t) (f->last + ngx_quic_pto(c, ctx) - now);
>> + w = (ngx_msec_int_t) (f->last + (ngx_quic_pto(c, ctx) << qc->pto_count)
>> + - now);
>>
>> if (w < 0) {
>> w = 0;
>> @@ -785,10 +786,9 @@ ngx_quic_pto(ngx_connection_t *c, ngx_qu
>>
>> duration = qc->avg_rtt;
>> duration += ngx_max(4 * qc->rttvar, NGX_QUIC_TIME_GRANULARITY);
>> - duration <<= qc->pto_count;
>>
>> if (ctx->level == ssl_encryption_application && c->ssl->handshaked) {
>> - duration += qc->ctp.max_ack_delay << qc->pto_count;
>> + duration += qc->ctp.max_ack_delay;
>> }
>>
>> return duration;
>> @@ -846,7 +846,9 @@ ngx_quic_pto_handler(ngx_event_t *ev)
>> continue;
>> }
>>
>> - if ((ngx_msec_int_t) (f->last + ngx_quic_pto(c, ctx) - now) > 0) {
>> + if ((ngx_msec_int_t) (f->last + (ngx_quic_pto(c, ctx) << qc->pto_count)
>> + - now) > 0)
>> + {
>> continue;
>> }
>>
>> diff --git a/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_migration.c b/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_migration.c
>> --- a/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_migration.c
>> +++ b/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_migration.c
>> @@ -496,6 +496,7 @@ ngx_quic_validate_path(ngx_connection_t
>> "quic initiated validation of path seq:%uL", path->seqnum);
>>
>> path->validating = 1;
>> + path->tries = 0;
>>
>> if (RAND_bytes(path->challenge1, 8) != 1) {
>> return NGX_ERROR;
>> @@ -513,7 +514,6 @@ ngx_quic_validate_path(ngx_connection_t
>> pto = ngx_quic_pto(c, ctx);
>>
>> path->expires = ngx_current_msec + pto;
>> - path->tries = NGX_QUIC_PATH_RETRIES;
>>
>> if (!qc->path_validation.timer_set) {
>> ngx_add_timer(&qc->path_validation, pto);
>> @@ -578,7 +578,6 @@ ngx_quic_path_validation_handler(ngx_eve
>> qc = ngx_quic_get_connection(c);
>>
>> ctx = ngx_quic_get_send_ctx(qc, ssl_encryption_application);
>> - pto = ngx_quic_pto(c, ctx);
>>
>> next = -1;
>> now = ngx_current_msec;
>> @@ -605,7 +604,9 @@ ngx_quic_path_validation_handler(ngx_eve
>> continue;
>> }
>>
>> - if (--path->tries) {
>> + if (++path->tries < NGX_QUIC_PATH_RETRIES) {
>> + pto = ngx_quic_pto(c, ctx) << path->tries;
>
> Here we schedule a timer for 2 * PTO or 4 * PTO. Technically, our path
> validation code allows several paths to be validated at the same time. If that
> happens, 2 * PTO and 4 * PTO will be too much for the first attempt for the new
> path, where the timeout is just PTO. As a result, the last path may wait 2x
> or 4x longer than needed.

Agree it needs to be addressed.

Below is the first glance to set the next available pv timer:
1) in ngx_quic_validate_path(), a new path may own a shorter timer
than already established, especially after several timeouts
Previously, new path validation could be scheduled late.
2) in ngx_quic_handle_path_response_frame(), a validated path
might left a spurious timer, while nothing more to validate
or remaining paths have more distant timer
This one is less severe, just extra work added.

Unlike the two above, pv handler has a more complex
logic I decided not to touch it.

# HG changeset patch
# User Sergey Kandaurov <pluknet@nginx.com>
# Date 1683626923 -14400
# Tue May 09 14:08:43 2023 +0400
# Branch quic
# Node ID 90f3e839532d899b09967cb2db3b3de30484c484
# Parent c9a6960c548501b5234ca7f7ff5ae23fad75b023
QUIC: reschedule path validation on path insertion/removal.

Two issues fixed:
- new path validation could be scheduled late
- a validated path could leave a spurious timer

diff --git a/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_migration.c b/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_migration.c
--- a/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_migration.c
+++ b/src/event/quic/ngx_event_quic_migration.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@ static ngx_int_t ngx_quic_validate_path(
ngx_quic_path_t *path);
static ngx_int_t ngx_quic_send_path_challenge(ngx_connection_t *c,
ngx_quic_path_t *path);
+static ngx_msec_int_t ngx_quic_next_pv_timer(ngx_connection_t *c);
static ngx_quic_path_t *ngx_quic_get_path(ngx_connection_t *c, ngx_uint_t tag);


@@ -78,6 +79,7 @@ ngx_quic_handle_path_response_frame(ngx_
{
ngx_uint_t rst;
ngx_queue_t *q;
+ ngx_msec_int_t next;
ngx_quic_path_t *path, *prev;
ngx_quic_connection_t *qc;

@@ -169,6 +171,17 @@ valid:
path->validating = 0;
path->limited = 0;

+ /* reschedule if validated path owned next timer */
+
+ next = ngx_quic_next_pv_timer(c);
+
+ if (next == -1) {
+ ngx_del_timer(&qc->path_validation);
+
+ } else if (next > (ngx_msec_int_t) (path->expires - ngx_current_msec)) {
+ ngx_add_timer(&qc->path_validation, next);
+ }
+
return NGX_OK;
}

@@ -486,7 +499,7 @@ ngx_quic_handle_migration(ngx_connection
static ngx_int_t
ngx_quic_validate_path(ngx_connection_t *c, ngx_quic_path_t *path)
{
- ngx_msec_t pto;
+ ngx_msec_t pto, next;
ngx_quic_send_ctx_t *ctx;
ngx_quic_connection_t *qc;

@@ -517,6 +530,15 @@ ngx_quic_validate_path(ngx_connection_t

if (!qc->path_validation.timer_set) {
ngx_add_timer(&qc->path_validation, pto);
+ return NGX_OK;
+ }
+
+ /* reschedule if new path owns next timer */
+
+ next = ngx_quic_next_pv_timer(c);
+
+ if (next == pto) {
+ ngx_add_timer(&qc->path_validation, next);
}

return NGX_OK;
@@ -563,6 +585,41 @@ ngx_quic_send_path_challenge(ngx_connect
}


+static ngx_msec_int_t
+ngx_quic_next_pv_timer(ngx_connection_t *c)
+{
+ ngx_msec_t now;
+ ngx_queue_t *q;
+ ngx_msec_int_t left, next;
+ ngx_quic_path_t *path;
+ ngx_quic_connection_t *qc;
+
+ qc = ngx_quic_get_connection(c);
+
+ now = ngx_current_msec;
+ next = -1;
+
+ for (q = ngx_queue_head(&qc->paths);
+ q != ngx_queue_sentinel(&qc->paths);
+ q = ngx_queue_next(q))
+ {
+ path = ngx_queue_data(q, ngx_quic_path_t, queue);
+
+ if (!path->validating) {
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ left = path->expires - now;
+
+ if (next == -1 || left < next) {
+ next = left;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return next;
+}
+
+
void
ngx_quic_path_validation_handler(ngx_event_t *ev)
{


> Luckily, this is not possible, because when we start
> validation of a path, the validation for the old path is stopped.

As internally discussed, it is still possible on apparent migration,
where path validation starts on a previous active and now active paths.

> This
> allows us to simplify the PATH_RESPONSE and timeout handlers to only handle
> qc->path. I suggest to add a patch for this.

Hence, this wont work if client validates backup path (which is not qc->path).

> It will also affect PMTUD,
> since the same handler will be responsible for MTU packets. Also, it's
> probably a good idea to suspend PMTUD for the old path when we switch to a
> new one. This will happend naturally if we support only one path in those
> handlers.
>

--
Sergey Kandaurov
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Subject Author Views Posted

[PATCH 0 of 3] QUIC path MTU discovery

Roman Arutyunyan 939 March 28, 2023 10:52AM

[PATCH 1 of 3] QUIC: changed path validation timeout

Roman Arutyunyan 150 March 28, 2023 10:52AM

Re: [PATCH 1 of 3] QUIC: changed path validation timeout

Sergey Kandaurov 162 April 24, 2023 08:16AM

Re: [PATCH 1 of 3] QUIC: changed path validation timeout

Roman Arutyunyan 129 May 03, 2023 09:02AM

Re: [PATCH 1 of 3] QUIC: changed path validation timeout

Sergey Kandaurov 102 May 09, 2023 06:12AM

Re: [PATCH 1 of 3] QUIC: changed path validation timeout

Sergey Kandaurov 115 May 09, 2023 09:00AM

Re: [PATCH 1 of 3] QUIC: changed path validation timeout

Sergey Kandaurov 113 May 09, 2023 11:08AM

Re: [PATCH 1 of 3] QUIC: changed path validation timeout

Roman Arutyunyan 129 May 09, 2023 11:30AM

[PATCH 2 of 3] QUIC: allowed ngx_quic_frame_sendto() to return NGX_AGAIN

Roman Arutyunyan 154 March 28, 2023 10:52AM

[PATCH 3 of 3] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Roman Arutyunyan 207 March 28, 2023 11:00AM

Re: [PATCH 3 of 3] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Sergey Kandaurov 141 May 01, 2023 01:00PM

Re: [PATCH 3 of 3] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Maxim Dounin 127 May 01, 2023 04:42PM

Re: [PATCH 3 of 3] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Roman Arutyunyan 132 May 08, 2023 08:16AM

Re: [PATCH 3 of 3] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Sergey Kandaurov 113 May 08, 2023 11:12AM

[PATCH 0 of 4] QUIC path MTU discovery

Roman Arutyunyan 87 July 06, 2023 09:58AM

[PATCH 1 of 4] QUIC: removed path->limited flag

Roman Arutyunyan 92 July 06, 2023 09:58AM

Re: [PATCH 1 of 4] QUIC: removed path->limited flag

Sergey Kandaurov 91 July 28, 2023 11:52AM

[PATCH 2 of 4] QUIC: removed explicit packet padding for certain frames

Roman Arutyunyan 91 July 06, 2023 09:58AM

Re: [PATCH 2 of 4] QUIC: removed explicit packet padding for certain frames

Sergey Kandaurov 83 July 28, 2023 11:52AM

[PATCH 3 of 4] QUIC: allowed ngx_quic_frame_sendto() to return NGX_AGAIN

Roman Arutyunyan 91 July 06, 2023 09:58AM

Re: [PATCH 3 of 4] QUIC: allowed ngx_quic_frame_sendto() to return NGX_AGAIN

Sergey Kandaurov 86 July 28, 2023 11:52AM

[PATCH 4 of 4] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Roman Arutyunyan 96 July 06, 2023 09:58AM

Re: [PATCH 4 of 4] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Roman Arutyunyan 97 July 07, 2023 04:00AM

Re: [PATCH 4 of 4] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Sergey Kandaurov 100 July 28, 2023 11:54AM

Re: [PATCH 4 of 4] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Roman Arutyunyan 93 July 31, 2023 01:36PM

Re: [PATCH 4 of 4] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Sergey Kandaurov 122 August 08, 2023 05:50AM

Re: [PATCH 4 of 4] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Roman Arutyunyan 93 August 10, 2023 06:22AM

Re: [PATCH 4 of 4] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Sergey Kandaurov 88 August 10, 2023 10:20AM

Re: [PATCH 4 of 4] QUIC: path MTU discovery

Roman Arutyunyan 105 August 14, 2023 09:54AM

Re: [PATCH 0 of 4] QUIC path MTU discovery

Sergey Kandaurov 87 July 28, 2023 11:52AM



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