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Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Sergey Kandaurov
November 24, 2021 10:52AM
> On 24 Nov 2021, at 06:46, Maxim Dounin <mdounin@mdounin.ru> wrote:
>
> Hello!
>
> On Tue, Nov 23, 2021 at 10:44:00AM +0300, Sergey Kandaurov wrote:
>
>>> On 23 Nov 2021, at 06:12, Maxim Dounin <mdounin@mdounin.ru> wrote:
>>>
>>> On Thu, Nov 18, 2021 at 07:46:48PM +0300, Sergey Kandaurov wrote:
>>>
>>>>> On 16 Nov 2021, at 17:41, Maxim Dounin <mdounin@mdounin.ru> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>> On Tue, Nov 16, 2021 at 02:59:46PM +0300, Sergey Kandaurov wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>>> On 11 Nov 2021, at 06:10, Maxim Dounin <mdounin@mdounin.ru> wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> # HG changeset patch
>>>>>>> # User Maxim Dounin <mdounin@mdounin.ru>
>>>>>>> # Date 1636599377 -10800
>>>>>>> # Thu Nov 11 05:56:17 2021 +0300
>>>>>>> # Node ID 76e072a6947a221868705c13973de15319c0d921
>>>>>>> # Parent 82b750b20c5205d685e59031247fe898f011394e
>>>>>>> HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> With sendfile() in threads ("aio threads; sendfile on;"), client connection
>>>>>>> can block on writing, waiting for sendfile() to complete. In HTTP/2 this
>>>>>>> might result in the request hang, since an attempt to continue processig
>>>>>>
>>>>>> processing
>>>>>
>>>>> Fixed, thnx.
>>>>>
>>>>>>> in thread event handler will call request's write event handler, which
>>>>>>> is usually stopped by ngx_http_v2_send_chain(): it does nothing if there
>>>>>>> are no additional data and stream->queued is set. Further, HTTP/2 resets
>>>>>>> stream's c->write->ready to 0 if writing blocks, so just fixing
>>>>>>> ngx_http_v2_send_chain() is not enough.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Can be reproduced with test suite on Linux with:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> TEST_NGINX_GLOBALS_HTTP="aio threads; sendfile on;" prove h2*.t
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> The following tests currently fail: h2_keepalive.t, h2_priority.t,
>>>>>>> h2_proxy_max_temp_file_size.t, h2.t, h2_trailers.t.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Similarly, sendfile() with AIO preloading on FreeBSD can block as well,
>>>>>>> with similar results. This is, however, harder to reproduce, especially
>>>>>>> on modern FreeBSD systems, since sendfile() usually do not return EBUSY.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> does not
>>>>>
>>>>> Fixed, thnx.
>>>>>
>>>>>>> Fix is to post a write event on HTTP/2 connection in the thread event
>>>>>>> handler (and aio preload handler). This ensures that sendfile() will be
>>>>>>> completed and stream processing will be resumed by HTTP/2 code.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> diff --git a/src/http/ngx_http_copy_filter_module.c b/src/http/ngx_http_copy_filter_module.c
>>>>>>> --- a/src/http/ngx_http_copy_filter_module.c
>>>>>>> +++ b/src/http/ngx_http_copy_filter_module.c
>>>>>>> @@ -250,6 +250,21 @@ ngx_http_copy_aio_sendfile_event_handler
>>>>>>> r->aio = 0;
>>>>>>> ev->complete = 0;
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> +#if (NGX_HTTP_V2)
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> + if (r->stream) {
>>>>>>> + /*
>>>>>>> + * for HTTP/2, trigger a write event on the main connection
>>>>>>> + * to handle sendfile() preload
>>>>>>> + */
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> + ngx_post_event(r->stream->connection->connection->write,
>>>>>>> + &ngx_posted_events);
>>>>>>> + return;
>>>>>>> + }
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +#endif
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> r->connection->write->handler(r->connection->write);
>>>>>>> }
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> @@ -323,6 +338,20 @@ ngx_http_copy_thread_event_handler(ngx_e
>>>>>>> r->main->blocked--;
>>>>>>> r->aio = 0;
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> +#if (NGX_HTTP_V2)
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> + if (r->stream) {
>>>>>>> + /*
>>>>>>> + * for HTTP/2, trigger a write event on the main connection
>>>>>>> + * to handle sendfile() in threads
>>>>>>> + */
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> + ngx_post_event(r->stream->connection->connection->write,
>>>>>>> + &ngx_posted_events);
>>>>>>> + }
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +#endif
>>>>>>> +
>>>
>>> [...]
>>>
>>> For the record, while testing this patch Sergey found another
>>> issue with sendfile() in threads and HTTP/2: since HTTP/2 might
>>> call sendfile() within the main connection, bypassing request
>>> filter chain, normal r->aio flag checking to prevent multiple
>>> operations do not work, and this eventually results in "task
>>> already active" alerts due to duplicate operations being posted.
>>> With the above patch this issue is much more likely to happen,
>>> since it intentionally triggers write events on the main HTTP/2
>>> connection.
>>>
>>> Below are two patches: the first one addresses the issue with
>>> duplicate operations by additionally checking file->thread_task
>>> before sendfile(), and the second one is a better alternative to
>>> the above patch which doesn't post additional events on the main
>>> connection.
>>>
>>> # HG changeset patch
>>> # User Maxim Dounin <mdounin@mdounin.ru>
>>> # Date 1637635671 -10800
>>> # Tue Nov 23 05:47:51 2021 +0300
>>> # Node ID 8a18b0bff1266db221fe35dc08f4483044ea0f86
>>> # Parent 82b750b20c5205d685e59031247fe898f011394e
>>> HTTP/2: fixed "task already active" with sendfile in threads.
>>>
>>> With sendfile in threads, "task already active" alerts might appear in logs
>>> if a write event happens on the main HTTP/2 connection, triggering a sendfile
>>> in threads while another thread operation is already running. Observed
>>> with "aio threads; aio_write on; sendfile on;" and with thread event handlers
>>> modified to post a write event to the main HTTP/2 connection (though can
>>> happen without any modifications).
>>>
>>> Fix is to avoid starting a sendfile operation if file->thread_task indicates
>>> that another thread operation is active.
>>>
>>> diff --git a/src/os/unix/ngx_linux_sendfile_chain.c b/src/os/unix/ngx_linux_sendfile_chain.c
>>> --- a/src/os/unix/ngx_linux_sendfile_chain.c
>>> +++ b/src/os/unix/ngx_linux_sendfile_chain.c
>>> @@ -324,6 +324,18 @@ ngx_linux_sendfile_thread(ngx_connection
>>> "linux sendfile thread: %d, %uz, %O",
>>> file->file->fd, size, file->file_pos);
>>>
>>> + task = file->file->thread_task;
>>> +
>>> + if (task && task->event.active) {
>>> + /*
>>> + * with HTTP/2, another thread operation might be already running
>>> + * if sendfile() is called as a result of a write event on the main
>>> + * connection
>>> + */
>>> +
>>> + return NGX_DONE;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> task = c->sendfile_task;
>>>
>>> if (task == NULL) {
>
> After looking once again into it, I tend to think this patch is
> incomplete. In particular, the particular check won't stop
> additional sendfile() if there are multiple files and different
> files use different thread tasks. While this is not something
> possible with standard modules, but nevertheless.

Could you please clarify?
Is it something rather theoretical (and irrelevant to subrequests)?
Because there is a room for only one task in c->sendfile_task.

>
> Further, the same problem seems to apply to aio preloading (though
> unlikely to happen in practice).
>
> The following patch checks r->aio in relevant handlers to prevent
> sendfile() when another operation is running:

As a positive effect, moving the check down to thread handlers allows
to complete a sendfile operation, within http2 write handler, after
thread task completion, since now the check is performed after the
"if (task->event.complete) {" logic in ngx_linux_sendfile_thread().
E.g.:
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 http2 write handler
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 http2 frame out: 000055BA978A5E28 sid:1 bl:0 len:8192
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 http2 frame out: 000055BA978A5D20 sid:1 bl:1 len:8192
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 linux sendfile thread: 15, 8192, 8794
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 linux sendfile thread: complete:1 err:0 sent:8192
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 no tcp_nodelay
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 tcp_nopush
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 writev: 9 of 9
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 linux sendfile thread: 15, 8192, 16986
2021/11/24 15:16:43 [debug] 474666#474666: *1 linux sendfile thread: complete:0

>
> # HG changeset patch
> # User Maxim Dounin <mdounin@mdounin.ru>
> # Date 1637723745 -10800
> # Wed Nov 24 06:15:45 2021 +0300
> # Node ID 3450841798597536d17ced29b35d1d90ce06ce0d
> # Parent 3443c02ca1d183fe52bf8af66627c94be2b2f785
> HTTP/2: fixed "task already active" with sendfile in threads.
>
> With sendfile in threads, "task already active" alerts might appear in logs
> if a write event happens on the main HTTP/2 connection, triggering a sendfile
> in threads while another thread operation is already running. Observed
> with "aio threads; aio_write on; sendfile on;" and with thread event handlers
> modified to post a write event to the main HTTP/2 connection (though can
> happen without any modifications).
>
> Similarly, sendfile() with AIO preloading on FreeBSD can trigger duplicate
> aio operation, resulting in "second aio post" alerts. This is, however,
> harder to reproduce, especially on modern FreeBSD systems, since sendfile()
> usually does not return EBUSY.
>
> Fix is to avoid starting a sendfile operation if other thread operation
> is active by checking r->aio in the thread handler (and, similarly, in
> aio preload handler).
>
> diff --git a/src/http/ngx_http_copy_filter_module.c b/src/http/ngx_http_copy_filter_module.c
> --- a/src/http/ngx_http_copy_filter_module.c
> +++ b/src/http/ngx_http_copy_filter_module.c
> @@ -219,6 +219,22 @@ ngx_http_copy_aio_sendfile_preload(ngx_b
> ngx_http_request_t *r;
> ngx_output_chain_ctx_t *ctx;
>
> +#if (NGX_HTTP_V2)
> +
> + r = file->file->aio->data;
> +
> + if (r->aio) {
> + /*
> + * with HTTP/2, another thread operation might be already running
> + * if sendfile() is called as a result of a write event on the main
> + * connection
> + */
> +
> + return NGX_OK;
> + }
> +
> +#endif
> +

Shouldn't this also check for r->stream to narrow it down to HTTP/2 ?
At least, it looks inconsistent taking the code is under NGX_HTTP_V2.
On the contrary, shouldn't this expand to non-HTTP/2 protocols as well?

> n = ngx_file_aio_read(file->file, buf, 1, file->file_pos, NULL);
>
> if (n == NGX_AGAIN) {
> @@ -270,6 +286,23 @@ ngx_http_copy_thread_handler(ngx_thread_
>
> r = file->thread_ctx;
>
> +#if (NGX_HTTP_V2)
> +
> + if (r->aio
> + && r->stream
> + && r->stream->connection->connection->sendfile_task == task)
> + {

I'm not quite sure how the last part of condition is related (if at all)
to stop additional sendfile() for different files using different tasks,
as outlined above.

Also, looking at ngx_linux_sendfile_thread(), where c->sendfile_task is
initially allocated, I cannot imagine how the tasks won't match there.
I guess it is enough to check for a non-NULL sendfile_task.

> + /*
> + * with HTTP/2, another thread operation might be already running
> + * if sendfile() is called as a result of a write event on the main
> + * connection
> + */
> +
> + return NGX_OK;
> + }
> +
> +#endif
> +
> clcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);
> tp = clcf->thread_pool;
>
> diff --git a/src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c b/src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c
> --- a/src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c
> +++ b/src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c
> @@ -3854,6 +3854,23 @@ ngx_http_upstream_thread_handler(ngx_thr
> r = file->thread_ctx;
> p = r->upstream->pipe;
>
> +#if (NGX_HTTP_V2)
> +
> + if (r->aio
> + && r->stream
> + && r->stream->connection->connection->sendfile_task == task)
> + {
> + /*
> + * with HTTP/2, another thread operation might be already running
> + * if sendfile() is called as a result of a write event on the main
> + * connection
> + */
> +
> + return NGX_OK;
> + }
> +
> +#endif
> +
> clcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);
> tp = clcf->thread_pool;
>
>
> [...]
>
> No changes in the second patch.

--
Sergey Kandaurov

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Subject Author Views Posted

[PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Maxim Dounin 399 November 10, 2021 10:12PM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Sergey Kandaurov 69 November 16, 2021 07:02AM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Maxim Dounin 65 November 16, 2021 09:42AM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Sergey Kandaurov 184 November 18, 2021 11:48AM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Maxim Dounin 61 November 22, 2021 10:14PM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Sergey Kandaurov 113 November 23, 2021 02:46AM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Maxim Dounin 61 November 23, 2021 10:52PM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Sergey Kandaurov 115 November 24, 2021 10:52AM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Maxim Dounin 122 November 24, 2021 02:08PM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Sergey Kandaurov 149 November 25, 2021 08:16AM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Maxim Dounin 106 November 25, 2021 08:56AM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Sergey Kandaurov 88 November 25, 2021 12:44PM

Re: [PATCH] HTTP/2: fixed sendfile() aio handling

Maxim Dounin 215 November 25, 2021 02:08PM



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