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Re: nginx 0day exploit for nginx + fastcgi PHP

Weibin Yao
May 23, 2010 11:24PM
Jérôme Loyet at 2010-5-22 3:45 wrote:
> 2010/5/21 Igor Sysoev <igor@sysoev.ru>:
>
>> On Fri, May 21, 2010 at 02:26:31PM -0400, Ian Evans wrote:
>>
>>
>>> Is this situation only pertaining to sites that allow uploads from forms?
>>>
>>> Going way back to this thread
>>> (http://www.ruby-forum.com/topic/145358#645652) in '08, I needed
>>> cgi.fix-pathinfo=1 to fix problems with paths and specific extensionless
>>> files I needed run as php.
>>>
>>> Changing cgi.fix-pathinfo=1 to 0 broke a lot of stuff.
>>>
>> Could you show again how URIs should be mapped to SCRIPT_FILENAME
>> and PATH_INFO ? Modern nginx versions support named captures in regex.
>>
>>
>
> hi igor,
>
> this a very interesting situation :) And i could be a real security
> hole on some configuration.
>
> Let say you have the default configuration (except for the
> SCRIPT_FILENAME which has been adapted for my local conf where the
> fastcgi server is running on local and uses the same document root as
> nginx)
>
> location ~ \.php$ {
> root html;
> fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
> fastcgi_index index.php;
> fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $request_filename;
> include fastcgi_params;
> }
>
>
> Let say the request is
> http://mydomain/foo/test.php/virtual/path/to/somewhere.php
>
> the fastcgi request sends the following fastcgi parameters
> SCRIPT_FILENAME is set to
> /nginx/prefix/html/foo/test.php/virtual/path/to/somewhere.php
> PATH_INFO is not set
>
> with fix_pathinfo=1
> SCRIPT_FILENAME is transformed to /nginx/prefix/html/foo/test.php
> PATH_INFO is set to /virtual/path/to/somewhere.php
> in this case, PHP could parse and execute an unwanted file and a
> security hole can exists.
>
> with fix_pathinfo=1
> SCRIPT_FILENAME is not changed and still
> /nginx/prefix/html/foo/test.php/virtual/path/to/somewhere.php
> PATH_INFO is not changed and remains unset
> in this case, PHP tries to execute the file which really corresponds
> to the request which will certenely not exist.
>
> In both case, if the (updated) SCRIPT_FILENAME corresponds to an
> existing file on the filesystem, it's interpreted by PHP.
>
> Is it a PHP bug ? I don't really know. fix_pathinfo is a feature which
> could be usefull on some case (otherwise why would have it been done
> ?).
> Is it a nginx bug ? I don't think so. It's how nginx works. The guy
> who makes the conf should understand what he's doing. But .. see my
> following question
>
> Why nginx forwards the request to the fastcgi server if the
> SCRIPT_FILENAME does not exists ?
> 1- if the fastcgi server is not local, the local machine does not have
> the script file on its filesystem --> nginx can't check if the file
> exists. It would say NO instead of YES.
> 2- if the fastcgi server is local but running with a user which
> doesn't have rights to search for the script filename --> nginx can't
> check if the file exists. It would say NO instead of YES
> 3- if the fastcgi server is local and have access to the file -->
> nginx can return 404 without sending the request to the fastcgi
> server. This is usefull in this security case, but it's also a
> performance enhancement because the fastcgi server won't deal with non
> existing files and 404 will be returned quicker and less resources
> will be used
>
> Igor, maybe the default conf file is not that good about PHP through fastcgi.
> here is an idea:
> --- nginx.conf.orig 2010-05-21 21:31:45.000000000 +0200
> +++ nginx.conf 2010-05-21 21:36:00.000000000 +0200
> @@ -64,9 +64,12 @@
> #
> #location ~ \.php$ {
> # root html;
> + # if (!-e $request_filename) {
> + # return 404;
> + # }
> # fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
> # fastcgi_index index.php;
> - # fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
> + # fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $request_filename;
> # include fastcgi_params;
> #}
>
>
> or maybe just add a BIG warning to disable fix.path_info and use
> fastcgi_split_path_info to deals with those kind of URL
>
I think we should use the directive of fastcgi_split_path_info and add
PATH_INFO by nginx itself.
> On my side, I'll check if the fix_pathinfo is really usefull on
> php-fpm. If not, I'll try to remove it.
>
The php developer said this feature is very useful in the mod_rewrite
with the PATH_INFO parameter.
> hope this help!
>
> ++ Jerome
>
> _______________________________________________
> nginx mailing list
> nginx@nginx.org
> http://nginx.org/mailman/listinfo/nginx
>
>


--
Weibin Yao


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Re: nginx 0day exploit for nginx + fastcgi PHP

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Re: nginx 0day exploit for nginx + fastcgi PHP

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Re: nginx 0day exploit for nginx + fastcgi PHP

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Re: nginx 0day exploit for nginx + fastcgi PHP

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