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Re: Redirect based on php-set cookies

September 21, 2010 04:05PM
Thank to nginx, our server was able to mitigate the Slowloris DoS attack, which killed Apache with partial or malformed HTTP headers. The above mentioned secret_cookie module helped to filter out all other valid botnet requests with this config:

[code]## If secret_cookie not set, redirect to verification page
if ($secret_cookie_not_set) {
#store the old uri
set $uri_old $uri$is_args$args;
rewrite ^(.*)$ /verification/index.php;

## Verification page: a php code that check for user response (for example recaptcha),
## and setting the secret_cookie if response is valid
location ~* /verification/.*\.php$ {
# Do not allow direct access
# If IP in the white list,
# return without the checking process
if ($whitelist ~ ^bot) {
rewrite ^ $uri_old last;
# Turn off the proxy's cache
proxy_cache off;

# Turn off access log, but turn on error log
access_log off;
error_log /usr/local/nginx-proxy3/logs/verification.log error;

# Set the rate limite for verification page
limit_req zone=vzone burst=15 nodelay;
# Also set the connection limit for verification page
limit_conn gulag 5;
include /usr/local/nginx-proxy3/conf/fastcgi.conf;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /home/tqvn2004/public_html$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param URI_OLD $uri_old;

And here is an example index.php code for user verification:

$x = rand(1,15);
$y = rand(1,15);

## Secret cookie setting, must match one define in nginx.conf
$secret_cookie_salt = "aDt%&sa";
$secret_cookie_valid_period = 86400;
$secret_cookie_name = "secret_cookie";
$errormsg = "";
$result_cookie_name = "verify_human";
$uri_cookie_name = "reference_uri";
$verification_uri = '/verification/index.php';
$test_uri = '/verification/';
$domain = ".example.org";
sha1($secret_cookie_salt . strval($x+$y) . $secret_cookie_salt),
time() + 600,
'/verification', // Only available in 'verification' folder
$domain, FALSE, TRUE);
if (isset($_SERVER['URI_OLD']) && (strpos($_SERVER['URI_OLD'], $test_uri) !== 0)){
time() + 600,
'/verification', // Only available in 'verification folder
$domain, FALSE, TRUE);

if (isset($_GET) && isset($_GET['result'])) {
if (isset($_COOKIE) && isset($_COOKIE[$result_cookie_name])){
if (sha1($secret_cookie_salt . $_GET['result'] . $secret_cookie_salt)
== $_COOKIE[$result_cookie_name]){
// Set the secret cookie and redirect
sha1($secret_cookie_salt .
floor($_SERVER['REQUEST_TIME']/$secret_cookie_valid_period) .
$domain, FALSE, TRUE);
//$http = (isset($_SERVER['HTTPS']) ? 'https://' : 'http://');
//$port = ($_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'] == 80 ? '' : ':'.$_SERVER['SERVER_PORT']);
$http = ($_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'] == 443 ? 'https://' : 'http://');
$uri = (!isset($_COOKIE[$uri_cookie_name]) ? '/' : $_COOKIE[$uri_cookie_name]);
// Redirect to new location
header("Location: " . $http . $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] . $uri);
} else {
$errormsg = "The result is not correct, try again!!!";
} else {
$errormsg = "Cannot verify your result. Try again!!<br /> You should also check if: (1) your browser does accept cookies, (2) your proxy, if any, does accept cookies...";

echo '<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd";>
<html xmlns=\"http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<meta name="description" content="Example.org">
<style type="text/css" id="example_css">
body {
background-color: #999999;
font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
div#outer {
width: 60%;
margin-top: 50px;
margin-bottom: 50px;
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;
padding: 0px;
border: thin solid #000000;
div#header {
padding: 15px;
margin: 0px;
text-align: center;
color: #999999;
div#main {
margin-top: 0px;
margin-bottom: 20px;
padding: 10px;
text-align: center;
font-size: 15px;
div#main_header {
padding-bottom: 15px;
div#main_error {
padding-top: 15px;
color: red;
font-size: 20px;
div#footer {
padding: 15px;
margin: 0px;
border-top: thin solid #000000;
text-align: center;

<div id="outer">
<div id="header">
<div id="main">
<div id=\"main_header\">Perform the math question:</div>' .
'<form action="'.$verification_uri.'" method="get">
<label id="formula">'. $x .' + '. $y .' = </label><input type="text" name="result" id="result" size="10" ><input type="submit" value="Submit">
<div id="main_error">'.$errormsg.'</div>
</form>' .
<div id="footer">
Our server is under heavy DoS attack, this verification page helps us identify you as human.
Subject Author Posted

Redirect based on php-set cookies

tqvn2004 February 18, 2010 05:04PM

Re: Redirect based on php-set cookies

tqvn2004 February 22, 2010 04:11PM

Re: Redirect based on php-set cookies

tqvn2004 September 21, 2010 04:05PM

Re: Redirect based on php-set cookies

tqvn2004 February 10, 2011 07:11AM

Re: Redirect based on php-set cookies

tqvn2004 February 10, 2011 07:42AM

Re: Redirect based on php-set cookies

Kev December 10, 2011 11:21AM

Re: Redirect based on php-set cookies

tqvn2004 February 24, 2010 09:06AM

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