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primary and fallback to backup -- try_files, proxy_pass, upstream?

Denis Arh
February 14, 2010 07:50AM
What I would like to have is nginx first to try primary service and then to
fallback to the backup if primary is not available.

What I've tried:

1. try_files:


location /api {
try_files @primary @backup;
}


location @primary {
proxy_pass http://localhost:81;
}

location @backup {
include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root/boot/api.php;
fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-fpm.sock;
}

This results in nginx only invoking @backup.
If I switch try_files params (try_files @backup @primary) then @primary is
invoked but in case it's not running I get 502 error (error log: 9228#0:
*1850 no live upstreams while connecting to upstream).


2. upstream

upstream backend {
server localhost:81;
server unix:/tmp/php-fpm.sock;
}

location /api {
proxy_pass http://backend;
}

The first part of this solution works -- requests are first passed to
localhost:81 and handled there without any problems and if this one is down
requests go to the second server in the upstream.
What happens there is another 502 error:
error-log: *1840 recv() failed (104: Connection reset by peer) while reading
response header from upstream, client: ......, server: ......, request: "GET
/api HTTP/1.1", upstream: "http://unix:/tmp/php-fpm.sock:/api"

How to configure fastcgi backend propery to handle this properly?



Is there any way to make this work?
If both are possible, which one is better?



--
Denis Arh
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Subject Author Posted

primary and fallback to backup -- try_files, proxy_pass, upstream?

Denis Arh February 14, 2010 07:50AM

Re: primary and fallback to backup -- try_files, proxy_pass, upstream?

Maxim Dounin February 14, 2010 07:58AM

Re: primary and fallback to backup -- try_files, proxy_pass, upstream?

Denis Arh February 14, 2010 08:16AM



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