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Re: Nginx most connections in FIN_WAIT2 state

Maxim Dounin
July 27, 2022 10:44PM

On Wed, Jul 27, 2022 at 05:24:07PM -0400, RasmithaM wrote:

> We are using Nginx for outbound connectivity to client ,
> I see all the requests are going to FIN_WAIT2 state , even server sending us
> the ACK.
> the fin_timeout is set to 60 sec , but we observed that the process
> continues to stay in FIN_WAIT2 even after 60sec.
> Is this kernel issue / Nginc issue ?
> netstat -tan | awk '{print $6}' | sort | uniq -c
> 6398 FIN_WAIT2
> 1 Foreign
> 1 established)
> This is filling up the number of sockets finally have to restart Nginx to
> release the FIN_WAIT2 processes.

Are you seeing FIN_WAIT2 on connections from nginx to upstream
servers? Or on connections from clients to nginx?

The FIN_WAIT2 state suggests that shutdown() or close() was called
on the socket, so FIN was sent to the other end, and then ACK was
received. At this point system is waiting for the other end's
FIN. Depending on whether shutdown() or close() was used, it's
either application (in case of shutdown() and no close()) or
kernel (in case of close()) responsibility to clean up things.

Given that nginx never uses shutdown() on sockets to upstream
servers, for connections from nginx to upstream servers the
only remaining option seems to be a kernel issue. It is not clear
why restarting nginx helps to clean up things though.

For connections from clients to nginx, nginx can use shutdown()
and then keep reading from the socket for up to lingering_time
(http://nginx.org/r/lingering_time), which is 30 seconds by
default. That is, on connections from clients to nginx the
FIN_WAIT2 state can be seen for up to 90 seconds assuming default
settings. If you are seeing sockets in this state for a
significantly longer time, it might be a good idea to further
debug what's going on. In particular, nginx debugging log might
be helpful (see http://nginx.org/en/docs/debugging_log.html for

Hope this helps.

Maxim Dounin
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Subject Author Posted

Nginx most connections in FIN_WAIT2 state

RasmithaM July 27, 2022 05:24PM

Re: Nginx most connections in FIN_WAIT2 state

Maxim Dounin July 27, 2022 10:44PM

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