Peter Booth via nginx
March 13, 2019 01:44AM
Perhaps I’m naive or just lucky, but I have used nginx on many contracts and permanent jobs for over ten years and have never attempted to reload canfigurations. I have always stopped then restarted nginx instances one at a time. Am I not recognizing a constraint that affects other people?

Curious ,

Peter

Sent from my iPhone

> On Mar 12, 2019, at 9:57 PM, Maxim Dounin <mdounin@mdounin.ru> wrote:
>
> Hello!
>
>> On Tue, Mar 12, 2019 at 02:09:06PM -0400, wkbrad wrote:
>>
>> First of all, thanks so much for your insights into this and being patient
>> with me. :) I'm just trying to understand the issue and what can be done
>> about it.
>>
>> Can you explain to me what you mean by this?
>>> you can configure system allocator to use mmap()
>>
>> I'm not a C programmer so correct me if I'm wrong, but doesn't the Nginx
>> code determine which memory allocator it uses?
>
> Normally C programs use malloc() / free() functions as provided by
> system libc library to allocate memory. While it is possible for
> an application to provide its own implementation of these
> functions, this is something rarely used in practice.
>
>> If not can you point me to an article that describes how to do that as I
>> would like to test it?
>
> For details on how to control system allocator on Linux, please
> refer to the mallopt(3) manpage, notably the
> MALLOC_MMAP_THRESHOLD_ environment variable. Web version is
> available here:
>
> http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man3/mallopt.3.html
>
> Please refer to the M_MMAP_THRESHOLD description in the same man
> page for details on what it does and various implications.
>
> Using a values less than NGX_CYCLE_POOL_SIZE (16k by default)
> should help to move all configuration-related allocations into
> mmap(), so these can be freed independently. Alternatively,
> recompiling nginx with NGX_CYCLE_POOL_SIZE set to a value larger
> than 128k (default mmap() threshold) should have similar
> effect.
>
> Note though that there may be other limiting factors,
> such as MALLOC_MMAP_MAX_, which limits maximum number of mmap()
> allocations to 65536 by default.
>
> You can also play with different allocators by using the
> LD_PRELOAD environment variable, see for example jemalloc's wiki
> here:
>
> https://github.com/jemalloc/jemalloc/wiki/Getting-Started
>
>> Also, you seem to be saying that Nginx IS attempting to free the memory but
>> is not able to due to the way the OS is allocating memory or refusing to
>> release the memory. I've tested this in several Linux distros, kernels, and
>> Nginx versions and I see the same behavior in all of them. Do you know of
>> an OS or specific distro where Nginx can release the old memory allocations
>> correctly? I would like to test that too. :)
>
> Any Linux distro can be tuned so freed memory will be returned to
> the system, see above. And for example on FreeBSD, which uses
> jemalloc as a system allocator, unused memory is properly returned
> to the system out of the box (though can be seen in virtual
> address space occupied by the process, since the allocator uses
> madvise() to make the memory as unused instead of unmapping a
> mapping).
>
> --
> Maxim Dounin
> http://mdounin.ru/
> _______________________________________________
> nginx mailing list
> nginx@nginx.org
> http://mailman.nginx.org/mailman/listinfo/nginx

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Subject Author Posted

Possible memory leak?

wkbrad February 28, 2019 01:43PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin February 28, 2019 03:08PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad February 28, 2019 03:54PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin February 28, 2019 04:50PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad February 28, 2019 05:06PM

RE: Possible memory leak?

Reinis Rozitis February 28, 2019 05:28PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Alceu R. de Freitas Jr. via nginx February 28, 2019 06:02PM

Re: RE: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad February 28, 2019 06:44PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 07, 2019 01:33PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Anoop Alias March 07, 2019 08:06PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 07, 2019 09:35PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Anoop Alias March 07, 2019 10:10PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 08, 2019 10:39AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Anoop Alias March 08, 2019 06:54PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

gariac March 08, 2019 01:10AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 08, 2019 10:42AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

gariac March 08, 2019 08:08PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 11, 2019 04:37PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Anoop Alias March 12, 2019 09:56AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin March 12, 2019 10:40AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Anoop Alias March 12, 2019 11:00AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin March 12, 2019 11:48AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 12, 2019 02:09PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin March 12, 2019 09:58PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Peter Booth via nginx March 13, 2019 01:44AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Anoop Alias March 13, 2019 01:54AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 20, 2019 06:41PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin March 21, 2019 09:46AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin March 21, 2019 09:48AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 21, 2019 11:29AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin March 21, 2019 02:18PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 21, 2019 05:55PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin March 25, 2019 08:40AM

Re: Possible memory leak?

wkbrad March 27, 2019 02:54PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

Maxim Dounin March 27, 2019 04:26PM

Re: Possible memory leak?

gariac March 13, 2019 01:58AM



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