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Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

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File Name File Size   Posted by Date  
nginx.conf 2.7 KB open | download B.R. 10/07/2013 Read message
test.php 77 bytes open | download B.R. 10/07/2013 Read message
php.ini 67.3 KB open | download B.R. 10/07/2013 Read message
nginx_php_backend.pcapng 5.5 KB open | download B.R. 10/07/2013 Read message
Ben Johnson
October 10, 2013 12:50PM
On 10/10/2013 11:26 AM, Maxim Dounin wrote:
> Hello!
>
> On Thu, Oct 10, 2013 at 11:13:40AM -0400, Ben Johnson wrote:
>
> [...]
>
>> Well, after all of the configuration changes, both to nginx and PHP, the
>> solution was to add the following header to the response:
>>
>> header('Content-Encoding: none;');
>
> Just in case: this is very-very wrong, there is no such
> content-coding. Never use this in real programs.
>
> But the fact that it helps suggests you actually have gzip enabled
> somewhere in your nginx config - as gzip doesn't work if it sees
> Content-Encoding set.
>
> All this probably doesn't matter due to you only used it as a
> debugging tool.
>
> [...]
>
>> The whole reason for which I was seeking to disable output buffering is
>> that I need to test nginx's ability to handle multiple requests
>> simultaneously. This need is inspired by yet another problem, about
>> which I asked on this list in late August: "504 Gateway Time-out when
>> calling curl_exec() in PHP with SSL peer verification
>> (CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER) off".
>>
>> Some folks suggested that the cURL problem could result from nginx not
>> being able to serve more than one request for a PHP file at a time. So,
>> that's why I cooked up this test with sleep() and so forth.
>>
>> Now that output buffering is disabled, I am able to test concurrency.
>> Sure enough, if I request my concurrency test script in two different
>> browser tabs, the second tab will not begin producing output until the
>> first tab has finished. I set the test time to 120 seconds and at
>> exactly 120 seconds, the second script begins producing output.
>>
>> Also, while one of these tests is running, I am unable to request a
>> "normal PHP web page" from the same server (localhost). The request
>> "hangs" until the concurrency test in the other tab is finished.
>>
>> I even tried requesting the test script from two different browsers, and
>> the second browser always hangs until the first completes.
>>
>> These observations lend credence to the notion that my cURL script is
>> failing due to dead-locking of some kind. (I'll refrain from discussing
>> this other problem here, as it has its own thread.)
>>
>> Is this inability to handle concurrent requests a limitation of nginx on
>> Windows? Do others on Windows observe this same behavior?
>
> Your problem is that you only have one PHP process running - and
> it can only service one request at a time. AFAIK, php-cgi can't
> run more than one process on Windows (on Unix it can, with
> PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN set). Not sure if there are good options to run
> multiple PHP processes on Windows.
>

Thank you for clarifying this crucial point, Maxim. I believe that this
is indeed the crux of the issue.

> Quick-and-dirty solution would be to run multiple php-cgi
> processes on different ports and list them all in an upstream{}
> block.
>
>> I did see the Windows limitation, "Although several workers can be
>> started, only one of them actually does any work", but that isn't the
>> problem here, right? One nginx worker does not mean that only one PHP
>> request can be satisfied at a time, correct?
>
> Correct. One nginx process can handle multiple requests, it's one
> PHP process which limits you.
>

Understood. This is so hard to believe (the lack of support for multiple
simultaneous PHP processes on Windows) that I had overlooked this as a
possibility.

And, now that you've explained the problem, finding corroborating
evidence is much easier:
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2793996/php-running-as-a-fastcgi-application-php-cgi-how-to-issue-concurrent-request
..

An interesting excerpt from the above thread:

"I did look deeper into the PHP source code after that and found that
the section of code which responds to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN has been
encapsulated by #ifndef WIN32 So the developers must be aware of the issue."

For the time being, I'll have to run these cURL scripts using Apache
with mod_php, instead of nginx. Not the end of the world.

Thanks again for your valuable time and for clearing-up this major
limitation of PHP (NOT nginx) on Windows.

Best regards,

-Ben

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Subject Author Posted

How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Ben Johnson September 16, 2013 01:22PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Ben Johnson October 07, 2013 03:24PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

itpp2012 October 07, 2013 04:25PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Francis Daly October 07, 2013 05:36PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

B.R. October 07, 2013 06:00PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Maxim Dounin October 07, 2013 07:20PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx Attachments

B.R. October 07, 2013 11:00PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Maxim Dounin October 08, 2013 11:50AM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Ben Johnson October 10, 2013 11:14AM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Maxim Dounin October 10, 2013 11:28AM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Ben Johnson October 10, 2013 12:50PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

itpp2012 October 10, 2013 01:35PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Maxim Dounin October 10, 2013 02:26PM

Re: How to disable output buffering with PHP and nginx

Ben Johnson October 12, 2013 04:40PM



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