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Re: IPv4 & IPv6

April 06, 2013 04:46PM
On 4/6/13 4:05 PM, B.R. wrote:
> That's exactly what I tried first, and if there are multiple servers
> listening to same ports, I get the following error:
> nginx: [emerg] duplicate listen options for [::]:80 in
> /etc/nginx/conf.d/***.conf:3
> See follow-up messages or (through the forum archive on this subject):
> http://forum.nginx.org/read.php?2,238147,238152#msg-238152


Please do not top post just because that's where the insertion point is
in your email client. It makes following, and, more importantly, later
searching through a thread, rather difficult. Think of it this way - you
don't shit in your pants just because that's where your asshole is. It's
annoying enough that you use HTML mail. Plain text is preferable.

>
> I have the feeling we entered a loop back to the top of the subject...
>
> Let me summarize :
> *Attempt #1*
> listen 80;
> listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on;
>
> Only works if a /*single*/ server contains those directives.
> Produces error 'nginx: [emerg] duplicate listen options for [::]:80 in
> /etc/nginx/conf.d/***.conf:3' if several servers use them to listen to
> the same ports.
>
> *Attempt #2*
> listen [::]:80;
>
> 'Wrong approach' said Maxim, since it won't work in 1.4 stable due to
> changes in the 1.3 dev branch.
> However, in 1.2, that's the only working way I have to decide on
> per-server level which protocol and ports they need to listen to.
>
> I'm stuck.

Why not try to use specific IPv6 addresses in your vhost config files?
This may be a band-aid for your system. It also works because it's what
we do.

Most hosts allocate a large block of IPv6 addresses at a time. We get a
/48 or a /64 at a time, depending on the provider. That's hundreds of
thousands of addresses. So we give each vhost a unique IPv6, even if
we're not using SSL.

For instance, I host the nginx forum. The first few lines of the config
file are:

server {
listen [2001:49f0:1018::5]:80;
listen 80;
server_name forum.nginx.org;
...
}

For a vhost with both standard and ssl ports, we use something like this:

server {
listen 80;
listen ip.v4.add.ress:443 ssl;
listen [2001:49f0:1018::a]:80;
listen [2001:49f0:1018::a]:443 ssl;
server_name domain.tld;
...
}

This way there is no competition for what is listening on IPv6 addresses
and you should not see that error. I've been doing it this way for at
least a couple of years now, certainly before 1.0.x series came out. It
may not be the "recommended" approach but it's what I had to do to get
it back then. One caveat - I am using FreeBSD and IPv6 may be
implemented differently in GNU/Linux.




> ---
> *B. R.*
>
>
> On Sat, Apr 6, 2013 at 11:23 AM, Igor Sysoev <igor@sysoev.ru
> <mailto:igor@sysoev.ru>> wrote:
>
> server {
> listen 80;
> listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on;
> server_name one;
> ...
> }
>
> server {
> listen 443 ssl;
> listen [::]:443 ssl ipv6only=on;
> server_name one;
> ...
> }
>
>
> --
> Igor Sysoev
> http://nginx.com/services.html
>
> On Apr 6, 2013, at 19:01 , B.R. wrote:
>
>> Add-on:
>>
>> Besides, as I explained earlier, having generic 'listen'
>> directives implies some difficulties.
>>
>> For example, I am using 2 virtual servers to serve content for the
>> same server_name, one listening on port 80, the other on port 443,
>> allowing me to serve cotnent for HTTP and HTTPS in different fashions.
>> Using generic 'listen' directive breaks that system and I'm stuck.
>>
>> What would be an acceptable solution?
>> Thanks,
>> ---
>> *B. R.*
>>
>>
>> On Sat, Apr 6, 2013 at 10:52 AM, B.R. <reallfqq-nginx@yahoo.fr
>> <mailto:reallfqq-nginx@yahoo.fr>> wrote:
>>
>> But as I noticed earlier, these configuration directives
>> conflict with each other across multiple virtual servers...
>> That's a huge step backwards.
>>
>> H
>> ‚Äčaving to specify them only once across every configuration
>> file is counter-intuitive.
>> Why isn't nginx able to ‚Äčsummarize all the needs for listening
>> sockets across configuraiton files before attempting to open them?
>> Having to define those listening directives in a 'generic
>> default server' is awkward and looks ugly.
>>
>> ---
>> *B. R.*
>>
>>
>> On Sat, Apr 6, 2013 at 6:39 AM, Maxim Dounin
>> <mdounin@mdounin.ru <mailto:mdounin@mdounin.ru>> wrote:
>>
>> Hello!
>>
>> On Sat, Apr 06, 2013 at 02:25:54AM -0400, B.R. wrote:
>>
>> > Hello,
>> >
>> > It seems I solved the problem...
>> > It was indeed by reading a little more carefully the doc
>> > http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpCoreModule#listen, thanks
>> @Lukas! ;o)
>> >
>> > The '*:80' syntax is used for IPv4 listening, I don't
>> understand why it
>> > works as-is for you Ted. Maybe Maxim will be of a better
>> help on that case.
>> >
>> > It is said that the IPv6 syntax will make Nginx listen
>> for the 6to4 IP
>> > address syntax, making the websites reachable through
>> IPv4, even if no
>> > specific IPv4 binding exist for the listening sockets.
>> > Using:
>> > listen [::]:80;
>> >
>> > I have:
>> > $ sudo ss -lnp|grep nginx
>> > 0 128 :::80
>> > :::* users:(("nginx",***,11),("nginx",***,11))
>> > 0 128 :::443
>> > :::* users:(("nginx",***,12),("nginx",***,12))
>> >
>> > You shall *not* have 2 'listen' directive if you did not
>> separate you IPv6
>> > and IPv4 stacks (with the sysctl net.ipv6.bindv6only
>> directive set to 1).
>>
>> This is wrong aproach and it will no longer work for you after
>> 1.3.x upgrade. As I already suggested, use
>>
>> listen 80;
>> listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on;
>>
>> instead as a portable solution, which doesn't depend on a
>> system
>> configuration. (In 1.3.x, the "ipv6only=on" part can be
>> removed
>> as it's now the default.)
>>
>> --
>> Maxim Dounin
>> http://nginx.org/en/donation.html
>>

>


--
Jim Ohlstein

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Subject Author Posted

IPv4 & IPv6

B.R. April 05, 2013 04:20PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

Maxim Dounin April 05, 2013 05:44PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

Ted Lemon April 05, 2013 05:48PM

RE: IPv4 & IPv6

Lukas Tribus April 05, 2013 05:50PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

B.R. April 05, 2013 06:10PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

Maxim Dounin April 05, 2013 06:22PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

B.R. April 05, 2013 08:04PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

B.R. April 05, 2013 08:50PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

B.R. April 06, 2013 02:28AM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

Maxim Dounin April 06, 2013 06:40AM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

B.R. April 06, 2013 10:54AM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

B.R. April 06, 2013 11:04AM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

Igor Sysoev April 06, 2013 11:24AM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

B.R. April 06, 2013 04:08PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

Jim Ohlstein April 06, 2013 04:46PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

Igor Sysoev April 07, 2013 02:40AM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

Maxim Dounin April 06, 2013 05:26PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

B.R. April 06, 2013 05:46PM

Re: IPv4 & IPv6

Ted Lemon April 05, 2013 06:34PM



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