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nginx reverse proxy proxies subset of requests slowly

February 20, 2012 12:59PM
(This is cross-post from Server Fault: http://serverfault.com/questions/361742/nginx-reverse-proxy-proxies-subset-of-requests-slowly)

We're running an nginx reverse proxy in front of a couple of IIS 7.5 web servers. I'm benchmarking a particular page using Apache Bench. The page is fully cached in memory in IIS (using ASP.NET outputcache). No caching is configured for nginx.

We've noted a discrepancy in the benchmark results between runs straight up against one IIS server (no reverse proxying) and with an nginx reverse proxy in between. With the proxy in place, for non-trivial loads, a subset of requests take very long to complete. Without the proxy in place, all requests are completed in reasonably good time.

I've benchmarked using nginx running on machines both large and small with the same result. I'm including Apache Bench output below, the first listing was generated in a run straight against IIS, the second listing was run with nginx in place. The nginx error-log shows nothing untoward.

My question is whether anyone has clues as to what part of nginx or the nginx-IIS interaction might cause this phenomenon or just ideas as to where we should start looking for clues or whether it might just be a benchmarking artifact.

**IIS**


user@host:~$ ab -n 5000 -c 1000 [IIS-Host]
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking [IP] (be patient)
Completed 500 requests
Completed 1000 requests
Completed 1500 requests
Completed 2000 requests
Completed 2500 requests
Completed 3000 requests
Completed 3500 requests
Completed 4000 requests
Completed 4500 requests
Completed 5000 requests
Finished 5000 requests


Server Software: Microsoft-IIS/7.5
Server Hostname: [IP]
Server Port: [port]

Document Path: [PATH]
Document Length: 37840 bytes

Concurrency Level: 1000
Time taken for tests: 12.592 seconds
Complete requests: 5000
Failed requests: 0
Write errors: 0
Total transferred: 190905000 bytes
HTML transferred: 189200000 bytes
Requests per second: 397.08 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request: 2518.385 [ms] (mean)
Time per request: 2.518 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate: 14805.57 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
min mean[+/-sd] median max
Connect: 1 12 17.9 3 62
Processing: 37 1944 1351.6 1548 7429
Waiting: 18 1522 751.9 1531 6248
Total: 68 1956 1343.9 1551 7432

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
50% 1551
66% 1577
75% 1600
80% 1839
90% 4001
95% 5682
98% 6178
99% 6377
100% 7432 (longest request)
user@host:~$

**nginx**

user@host:~$ ab -n 5000 -c 1000 [NGINX-HOST]
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking [HOST] (be patient)
Completed 500 requests
Completed 1000 requests
Completed 1500 requests
Completed 2000 requests
Completed 2500 requests
Completed 3000 requests
Completed 3500 requests
Completed 4000 requests
Completed 4500 requests
Completed 5000 requests
Finished 5000 requests


Server Software: nginx/1.0.11
Server Hostname: [HOST]
Server Port: 80

Document Path: [PATH]
Document Length: 37840 bytes

Concurrency Level: 1000
Time taken for tests: 46.770 seconds
Complete requests: 5000
Failed requests: 0
Write errors: 0
Total transferred: 190490000 bytes
HTML transferred: 189200000 bytes
Requests per second: 106.91 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request: 9353.928 [ms] (mean)
Time per request: 9.354 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate: 3977.48 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
min mean[+/-sd] median max
Connect: 1 445 1130.0 6 7072
Processing: 14 3088 5987.3 825 43550
Waiting: 9 2541 6125.0 199 43541
Total: 18 3532 6064.6 1168 43554

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
50% 1168
66% 2333
75% 3306
80% 3590
90% 14597
95% 19448
98% 23996
99% 25970
100% 43554 (longest request)
user@host:~$
Subject Author Posted

nginx reverse proxy proxies subset of requests slowly

anonymous_coward February 20, 2012 12:59PM

Re: nginx reverse proxy proxies subset of requests slowly

Maxim Dounin February 20, 2012 01:28PM

Re: nginx reverse proxy proxies subset of requests slowly

anonymous_coward February 20, 2012 02:39PM

Re: nginx reverse proxy proxies subset of requests slowly

Maxim Dounin February 20, 2012 04:14PM

Re: nginx reverse proxy proxies subset of requests slowly

anonymous_coward February 21, 2012 12:16AM

Re: nginx reverse proxy proxies subset of requests slowly

anonymous_coward February 21, 2012 01:23AM



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