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Re: nginx ssl slow

Adam Zell
July 14, 2011 01:18PM
Hello,

On Thu, Jul 14, 2011 at 8:19 AM, Maxim Dounin <mdounin@mdounin.ru> wrote:

> Hello!
>
> On Tue, Jul 12, 2011 at 01:58:38AM -0600, Mark Maunder wrote:
>
> > Igor I did SSL benchmarks with 10 worker processes on a very fast
> > multicore machine with multiple ssl_session_cache configs to try and
> > disprove this post. My results were also slow:
> >
>
Update from the author:

http://matt.io/technobabble/hivemind_devops_alert:_nginx_does_not_suck_at_ssl/ur
..

Also of interest:
http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=2759781.


> > On a 4 core Xeon E5410 using:
> >
> > ab -c 50 -n 5000
> >
> > with 64 bit ubuntu 10.10 and kernel 2.6.35 I get:
> >
> > For a 43 byte transparent gif image on regular HTTP:
> >
> > Requests per second: 11703.19 [#/sec] (mean)
> >
> > Same file via HTTPS with various ssl_session_cache params set:
> >
> > ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
> > Requests per second: 180.13 [#/sec] (mean)
> >
> > ssl_session_cache builtin:1000 shared:SSL:10m;
> > Requests per second: 183.53 [#/sec] (mean)
> >
> > ssl_session_cache builtin:1000;
> > Requests per second: 182.63 [#/sec] (mean)
> >
> > No ssl_session_cache:
> > Requests per second: 184.67 [#/sec] (mean)
> >
> >
> > I'm assuming the session cache has no effect since each 'ab' request
> > is a new session. But I thought I'd try it anyway.
>
> Yes, ab won't reuse sessions.
>
> > 180 per second for a machine this fast compared to 11,703 per second
> > on regular HTTP seems like a big difference. 'ab' was run on the
> > local machine (it takes very little CPU) so there was zero network
> > latency.
>
> I've did some tests on 2 x X5355 (4 cores each, 8 cores total)
> server, it should be comparable to yours E5410. I've used
> empty_gif to test as well.
>
> First of all, ab wasn't even able to saturate *regular* http while
> eating 100% cpu (i.e. the whole cpu core, it just can't eat more
> as it's single thread/single process). That is, it only shows
> something about 13k r/s, while with 5 ab processes nginx is
> actually able to handle 50k r/s over loopback.
>
> So about "ab takes very little CPU": no it doesn't, it's awfully
> CPU bound. If you see low numbers in top - make sure top shows
> %CPU for a core, not for all cores in system, or you'll see small
> number like 12.5% (100%/8) for a "whole core loaded, can't eat
> more" case. Under linux it should be switchable by pressing 'I'
> (Irix mode vs. Solaris mode).
>
> > Let me know if there's anything I should try to speed it up.
>
> The same as the above applies to https as well. While using 1024
> bit RSA key and DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA cipher, with 8 ab processes
> from another host I see 1800 r/s while system being 100% busy.
>
> Other results include:
>
> 1024 bit key, DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 1800 r/s
> 2048 bit key, DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 1050 r/s
> 4096 bit key, DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 270 r/s
>
> With ECDHE ciphers (and patch already mentioned in this thread):
>
> 1024 bit key, ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 2740 r/s
> 2048 bit key, ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 1340 r/s
> 4096 bit key, ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 285 r/s
>
> This is with fairy trivial nginx config:
>
> worker_processes 8;
>
> error_log /path/to/error_log;
>
> events {
> worker_connections 10240;
> }
>
> http {
> include mime.types;
> default_type application/octet-stream;
>
> access_log /path/to/access_log;
>
> server {
> listen 8443;
> server_name localhost;
>
> ssl on;
> ssl_certificate cert.pem;
> ssl_certificate_key cert.key;
>
> location / {
> empty_gif;
> }
> }
> }
>
> Obviously using other cipher suites will produce much different
> results.
>
> Just to compare, here are results from stunnel on the same
> machine:
>
> 1024 bit key, DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 1990 r/s
> 2048 bit key, DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 1220 r/s
> 4096 bit key, DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 280 r/s
>
> 1024 bit key, ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 2285 r/s
> 2048 bit key, ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 1223 r/s
> 4096 bit key, ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 285 r/s
>
> It looks a bit faster with DHE ciphers, and the reason is not
> using SSL_OP_SINGLE_DH_USE option by default. Setting "options
> SINGLE_DH_USE" in config results in the following DHE performance
> of stunnel:
>
> 1024 bit key, DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 1480 r/s
> 2048 bit key, DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 953 r/s
> 4096 bit key, DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA - 260 r/s
>
> Maxim Dounin
>
> _______________________________________________
> nginx mailing list
> nginx@nginx.org
> http://nginx.org/mailman/listinfo/nginx
>



--
Adam
zellster@gmail.com
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Subject Author Posted

nginx ssl slow

davidkazuhiro July 11, 2011 08:45PM

Re: nginx ssl slow

Maxim Dounin July 12, 2011 12:16AM

Re: nginx ssl slow

davidkazuhiro July 12, 2011 01:39AM

Re: nginx ssl slow

davidkazuhiro July 15, 2011 01:57AM

Re: nginx ssl slow

Igor Sysoev July 12, 2011 02:24AM

Re: nginx ssl slow

Mark Maunder July 12, 2011 04:00AM

Re: nginx ssl slow

Maxim Dounin July 14, 2011 11:22AM

Re: nginx ssl slow

Adam Zell July 14, 2011 01:18PM

Re: nginx ssl slow

Bradley Falzon July 12, 2011 02:30AM

Re: nginx ssl slow

Maxim Dounin July 12, 2011 05:12AM

Re: nginx ssl slow

Maxim Dounin July 12, 2011 09:12AM



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