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Why does nginx sometimes send Connection: close to Connection: keep-alive requests?

January 06, 2013 08:03PM
This may be a bit difficult to explain but I will try my best:

We have the following setup:

[ BOX 1 : NGINX Frontend ] ---reverse-proxy---> [ BOX 2: NGINX Backend ---> PHP-FPM ]

Upstream keepalives are enabled on BOX 1 as follows:

upstream backend{
server 1.2.3.4;
keepalive 512;
}

Keepalives are enabled on BOX 2 as follows:

keepalive_timeout 86400s;
keepalive_requests 10485760;

Yes, really high values... BOX 2 never sees any external traffic. Its all coming just from the front end (BOX1).

We have noticed, sometimes BOX 2 will return a Connection: close header, and leave the connection in TIME_WAIT state EVEN THO the request came with a Connection: keep-alive header. This is correct behavior if BOX 2 wanted to close the connection... But why would it want to?

We have sniffed this info via netstat AND ngrep.

We are 100% sure BOX 2 sometimes sends back a Connection: close header, and the connection is left in a TIME_WAIT state. When we run the ngrep utility and watch netstat -na | grep TIME_WAIT | grep BOX1IP | etc etc etc... As soon as a connection:close is sent, the count of TIME_WAIT sockets increases.

So to summarize:

In what situations would nginx dispatch a Connection: close to a client who makes a request with Connection: keep-alive.

Worth nothing:

Generally, the upstream keep alives work... There is a high number of reqs / sec happening. These connection: close events happen rarely, but frequently enough to warrant this lengthy post ;)

Thanks!
SubjectAuthorPosted

Why does nginx sometimes send Connection: close to Connection: keep-alive requests?

anonymous-oneJanuary 06, 2013 08:03PM

Re: Why does nginx sometimes send Connection: close to Connection: keep-alive requests?

Maxim DouninJanuary 07, 2013 10:44PM



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